On July 21, 2019, an exhibition of literature entitled “Author of Unique Masterpieces”, dedicated to the 120th anniversary of the American writer Ernest Hemingway, opened in the reading room “Jahon” of the National Library of Uzbekistan. The works of the author, published in different languages took place in the exhibition.
One of the most popular and influential American writers of the 20th century, who gained fame primarily for his novels and short stories, Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois state. He grew up and studied at Oak Park local schools, but his name is usually associated with northern Michigan, where he spent his childhood and where the action of several of his most famous stories unfolds. At school, he was actively involved in boxing and American football. After graduating from school, he became a reporter in the Kansas Star newspaper, where he acquired valuable writing skills. Because of the illness in his eyes he was unfit for military service. Hemingway nevertheless got into World War I by a driver of the Red Cross ambulance.
In several early stories of Hemingway from his first significant collection “In Our Time” (1925), childhood memories were indirectly reflected. The stories attracted the attention of critic’s stoic tone and objective, restrained manner of writing. The following year saw the light of Hemingway’s first novel, “And the Sun Rises,” painted with disappointment and a wonderfully composed portrait of the “Lost generation.” The next novel “Farewell to Arms” (1929) about an American lieutenant deserting from the Italian army and his English lover was just as successful and just as pessimistic.
In the novel “To have and not to have” (1937), which takes place during an economic depression, Hemingway first talked about social problems and the possibility of concerted, collective action. The result of Hemingway’s long stay in Spain was his only big play «The Fifth Column» (1938), which takes place in Madrid is the longest novel, the first after 1929 large-scale and significant work “For Whom the Bell Tolls” (1940). In this book, which tells about the last three days of the American volunteer who sacrificed his life for the republic, it is thought that the loss of freedom in one place causes damage to everywhere. Participation in World War II was reflected in his works “Beyond the river, in the shade of trees” (1950) about an elderly American colonel was greeted coldly, but the next book-story “The Old Man and the Sea” (1952) was almost unanimously recognized as a masterpiece and served as a reason for awarding the author of the Nobel Prize in the field of literature. Three collections of Hemingway's stories: "Nowadays", "Men without women" (1927) and "The winner does not get anything" (1933) have secured him a reputation as an outstanding narrator. And his works “The Old Man and the Sea” and “Farewell to Arms!” were skillfully translated into Uzbek.
Press Service of the National Library of Uzbekistan